Consumers Can Get Free “Specialty” Consumer Reports Starting December 1, 2004

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Copyright © 2004-2015
Privacy Rights Clearinghouse
Posted November 29, 2004

Beth Givens, PRC Director or
Tena Friery, Research Director

SAN DIEGO, CA – The arrival of free credit reports on December 1st is getting a lot of attention these days. ( But there is another kind of report, called “specialty consumer reports,” that individuals can obtain at no charge beginning on the first of the month.

The federal law that requires credit reporting bureaus to provide free reports is the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act, also known as FACTA. The law also gives consumers the right to one free report prepared by a “nationwide specialty consumer reporting agency” that compiles files on consumers relating to:

  • Medical conditions (for example, the Medical Information Bureau (MIB) report)
  • Residential or tenant history and evictions (for example, the Unlawful Detainer (UD) Registry)
  • Check writing history (for example ChexSystems)
  • Employment background checks
  • Homeowner and auto insurance claims (for example, CLUE reports)

Access to a “specialty” report is available December 1, 2004, for all consumers nationwide. This is not subject to the same phase-in schedule that applies to credit reports. FTC regulations ( require companies that prepare reports on consumers for employment, insurance claims, rental, check writing, and medical records history, as a minimum, to establish a toll free telephone number for ordering free file disclosures. Specialty reporting companies may also provide information on a web site.

Not everyone has a need to obtain every free specialty report. Consumers should order a “specialty” report before shopping for new homeowners or automobile insurance, opening a new checking account, applying for private health or life insurance, or renting a home or apartment.

Job applicants who have consistently been turned down for a job can also benefit from this new FACTA right. Employers, landlords, insurance companies and banks that use specialty consumer reports are obligated to give consumers a free report if services are denied. However, the new FACTA provision gives consumers the chance to get their file free directly from the companies that prepare these specialty reports.

Consumers who find errors in a “specialty” report have the same rights to dispute as with errors found in a credit report.


Free credit reports web site and phone number, shared by Equifax, Experian and TransUnion: or call 877-322-8228

Federal Trade Commission information on free credit reports:

PRC information on specialty consumer reports:
CLUE (insurance):
MIB (medical):
Employment background checks:

For more information on FACTA